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Space Monkey

Created as a collaboration between World Wildlife Fund (WWF), Ben Lee and Leo Burnett, “Space Monkey” carries a message about our planet, and features Ben Lee’s track, “Song for the Divine Mother of the Universe“.

The Monkey Experiment


Start with a cage containing five monkeys. Inside the cage, hang a banana on a string and place a set of stairs under it. Before long, a monkey will go to the stairs and start to climb towards the banana. As soon as he touches the stairs, all of the other monkeys are sprayed with cold water. After a while, another monkey makes an attempt with the same result, and all the other monkeys are sprayed with cold water. Pretty soon the monkeys will try to prevent it. Now, put away the cold water. Remove one monkey from the cage and replace it with a new one. The new monkey sees the banana and wants to climb the stairs. To his surprise and horror, all the other monkeys attack him. After another attempt and attack, he knows that if he tries to climb the stairs he will be attacked.

Next, remove another of the original five monkeys and replace it with a new one. The newcomer goes to the stairs and is attacked. The previous newcomer takes part in the punishment with enthusiasm! Likewise, replace a third original monkey with a new one, then a fourth, then the fifth. Every time the newest monkey takes to the stairs, he is attacked. Most of the monkeys that are beating him have no idea why they were not permitted to climb the stairs or why they are participating in the beating of the newest monkey.

After replacing all the original monkeys, none of the remaining monkeys have ever been sprayed with cold water. Nevertheless, no monkey ever again approaches the stairs to try for the banana. Why not? Because as far as they know, that’s the way it’s always been done around there.

Trunk Monkey

Suburban Auto Group released a series of Trunk Monkey Super Bowl commercials for 2003 and 2004. The ad agency that produced these commercials is R/West. Although the Suburban Auto Group popularized the Trunkmonkey with their Trunk Monkey commercials, Sean Sosik-Hamor and the Subaru community were responsible for creating the concept back in 2000.

Suburban Auto Group Trunk Monkey #1 – Road Rage

Suburban Auto Group Trunk Monkey #2 – Throwing Eggs

Suburban Auto Group Trunk Monkey #3 – Want a Donut?

Suburban Auto Group Trunk Monkey #4 – Thrown off a Bridge

Suburban Auto Group Trunk Monkey #5 – Pediatric Edition

Suburban Auto Group Trunk Monkey #6 – Chaperone Director’s Cut

Suburban Auto Group Trunk Monkey #7 – First Aid

Suburban Auto Group Trunk Monkey #8 – Alien Abduction

What is The Infinite Monkey Theorem?

Via: Junk Worth Knowing

The infinite monkey theorem revolves around the idea that a monkey hitting random keys on a keyboard for an infinite amount of time will almost surely type a given text, usually defined as the complete works of William Shakespeare. In response to theory and math below, professors Charles Kittel and Herbert Kroemer put it this way, “The probability of Hamlet is therefore zero in any operational sense of an event…”, and the statement that the monkeys must eventually succeed “gives a misleading conclusion about very, very large numbers.”

Typing monkeys have made numerous appearances in media, from The Simpsons to A Hitchhiker’s Guide To The Galaxy, to a Bob Newhart stand up routine, giving them a notable position in pop culture. In 2003, Plymouth University researchers put six macaques in a cage with a desktop computer. The monkeys proceeded to bash the machine with a rock, urinate on it, and type the letter S a lot. The results were published in the book, Notes Towards The Complete Works of Shakespeare.

The Theory
The infinite monkey theorem is often used an example of the risks of assigning an enormously large, but finite number, to the value of infinity when reasoning.

The first step to understanding the theory is understanding what is meant by “almost surely”. In the theory “almost surely” is a mathematical term with a precise meaning. The difference between an event being almost sure and sure is the same as the subtle difference between something happening with probability 1 and happening always.

If an event is sure, then it will always happen. No other event can possibly occur even if the other event’s probability is 1. If an event is almost sure, then other events are theoretically possible in a given sample space (a sample space is a set of the possible outcomes), however as the size of the sample space increases, the probability of any other event nears zero.

Secondly, the monkeys at a typewriter are only used to demonstrate a source of random data. In reality, monkeys at a typewriter are a very poor metaphor for random data. A monkey could be taught how to type simple words, or be influenced by things in the environment, or use their own intellect to produce non-random results. In the infinite monkey theorem, it is important to know that the source of the data has to be truly random. That is, all letters have the same probability of being typed regardless of what letters come before them.


The Math

When events are independent, the probability of them all happening is the product of the individual probabilities multiplied together. Think of it this way, the first word in the first line of Hamlet is “Who’s there?”. If we omit spaces, capitalization and punctuation for simplicity sake, we get “whosthere”. The probability of the first letter correctly being “w” is 1 out of 26 (W being 1 letter out of the 26 in the alphabet. The probability of the second letter being “h” is the same, 1/26, and so on and so forth. Therefore the probability that a monkey will correctly type the first line of 9 letters is: (1/26) x (1/26) x (1/26) x (1/26) x (1/26) x (1/26) x (1/26) x (1/26) x (1/26) …or more simply: (1/26)9

Which equals 0.00000000000018417% or for those of you who are counting. Given that Hamlet has about 130,000 characters in it, the probability of a monkey typing it out is 1 in 3.4 × 10183,946. It also means that the monkey needs to type that many letters before he or she completes Hamlet. If the world were filled with monkeys typing for all time, their total probability to produce a single instance of Hamlet would still be less than one in 10183,800.

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The art of Russ Mills

A Clockwork Orange meets Singing In The Rain

Godfather horse head pillow

Skeleton discoball | Shower dispenser | Boobie beer cover |

So sick of design

Space monkey hoax

Brandalism: A man, a can. His stencil and imagination

(image via:

A couple of years ago I stumbled onto this street artist named Banksy and was blown away by the creative nature of his work. I’ve never seen the work in public but would definetly love to. His mixture of motif and medium, imagery, subject matter, positioning / location and clever writing is a brilliant mix that he uses to address many of today’s key world and political issues. Many say his artwork is vandalism at the very basic level but how can something that forces us to think differntly about a situation or an event be so wrong. His artwork is both inspiring and thought provoking. Many of those willing to throw the first rocks at his art would also be first in line to profit from him or his talents if they were able to.

Well our friends over at WebUrbanist are in the process of doing an 8 part expo featuring Banksy and his work and it’s a top notch read. So I’ll update the links and leave the writing and creative talents to WebUrbanist and Banksy.

“The Human Race is an unfair and stupid competition. A lot of runners don’t even get decent sneakers or clean drinking water. Some people are born with a massive head start, every possible help along the way and still referees seem to be on their side. I’s not surprising some people have given up competing altogether and gone to sit in the grandstands, eat junk food and shout abuse. What we need in this race is a lot more streakers.”
via Cut It Out by Banksy
Happy spraying Banksy!


The Banksy Paradox: 7 Sides of the World’s Most Infamous Street Artist

Banksy, the Famously Anonymous Street Artist: Part One in an Eight-Part Banksy Series

The Graffitti, Stencils and Drawings of Banksy: Part Two in an Eight-Part Banksy Series

Banksy Photos, Prints and Tattoos: Part Three in an Eight-Part Banksy Art Series

The Art of Banksy: Pieces Sold and For Sale: Part Four in an Eight-Part Banksy Series

The Art of Being Banksy: Interviews, Films and Videos Featuring the Elusive Street Artist: Part Five in an Eight-Part Banksy Series

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One thing you’ll always find here @ circa71 is monkeys. They amuse me and this little sucker is no exception.


Stephen King

Lost / Darma Initiative