2010 Winter Solstice and Lunar Eclipse

The only total lunar eclipse of 2010 will be visible from all of North America and the Western Hemisphere. The eclipse “officially” begins on Dec. 21 at 12:29 a.m. EST as the moon begins to enter Earth’s outer, or penumbral, shadow. That won’t happen again until 2014.

The entire 72 minutes of the total lunar eclipse will be visible from all of North and South America, the northern and western part of Europe, and a small part of northeast Asia including Korea and much of Japan. Totality will also be visible in its entirety from the North Island of New Zealand and Hawaii.

In all, an estimated 1.5 billion people will have an opportunity to enjoy the best part of this lunar show. In other parts of the world, either only the partial stages of the eclipse will be visible or the eclipse will occur when it’s daytime and the moon is not above their local horizon.

But even in clear weather, skywatchers will not notice any changes in the moon’s appearance until about 45 minutes later when a slight “smudge” or shading begins to become evident on the upper left portion of the moon’s disk. The moon might take on some odd colors during the eclipse. This is the first lunar eclipse during the winter solstice in 456 years. According to NASA, the last time a lunar eclipse and the winter solstice happened at the same time was in AD 1554.

Via: Space.com

For Sale: 523 Gondert Avenue

Live in or moving to the Dayton area and need a new place to store your stuff and live the dream? Well if so here’s the place for you!

523 Gondert features: four bedrooms (2 upstairs and 2 downstairs), 1 bath, a connected garage, wood floors, new paint, full basement, a wonderful, large, secluded, backyard complete with landscaping, perennial plants, large trees, an outdoor storage area / dog kennel, a large cement patio and 2 smaller brick patios, an open-pit bbq / fire area and a privacy fence with alley access.

Located in Dayton’s beautiful, Easter Hills area and just minutes from downtown Dayton, The Oregon District, I-35, I-675 and I-75 this brick and limestone faced Cape Cod styled house is in a quiet neighborhood, is close to everything and is priced to sell!

For more information visit: http://523gondertave.realliving.com or to schedule a walk-through please contact Gina Landis of Real Living Realty Services (937) 623-9441, @ginakayRE

DCS Urban Nights Poker Run

Hit the downtown Dayton Urban Nights scene with the DCS crew and prepare your best poker face for the downtown poker run Friday, September 10.

You don’t need to be a card shark to play—everyone will get random cards at each location, so you’ll have to rely on simply getting lucky at each bar you visit.

We’ll kick things off at 6 p.m. at the former home of Real Art (232 East Sixth St. in the Oregon District across the street from Jay’s Seafood Restaurant). Then you will make your way around various downtown locations, collecting more cards as you go. Participating establishments include Tumbleweed Connection, Franco’s, Dublin Pub, Blind Bob’s and Bar Tiki. The person who shows up at the final location, Oregon Express, at 8:30 p.m. with the best hand wins the pot.

Winner must be present toclaim their prize: 25 percent of the pot goes to the first-place winner, 10 percent to second place, and third runner-up receives 5 percent. Entry fee is $5 per person; registration ends at 7 p.m. You must register at 232 East Sixth Street to begin the poker run.

Each contestant may also enter to win a four-pack of tickets to this year’s Renaissance Festival, It’s unequivocally the coolest way to kick off Urban Nights.

Hello College Football Season 2010

Finally what I consider to be the best season in all of sports returns tonight as my beloved Ohio State Buckeyes open up the 2010 college football season and The Shoe in Columbus, with Conference USA challengers, The Thundering Herd of Marshall.

The Buckeyes come out of the gates ranked 2nd in the nation this preseason. But we’re a long way from the end of the season and any talk of National Championships. For now it’s just time to enjoy some fall weather, have a few beers and watch the boys from Columbus have some fun.

Go Bucks!
O-H…

Two of the Most Mysterious Sites in the U.S.

There are ancient mysteries all over the world that have perplexed scientists, historians and archaeologists for ages: Stonehenge, the Pyramids and the Nazca Lines among them. They might not be as well known, but we have at least a couple of pretty intriguing mysteries of our own here in the U.S.

The Cahokia Mound Builders


It’s hard to believe there was a city in the U.S. that outnumbered any other in population, that was larger than even London at one point, that served as the biggest urban center north of Mexico – and that lots of us have never even heard of.

It’s Cahokia, Illinois, about 15 minutes away from St. Louis, Missouri. It was inhabited for about 700 years and was home to up to 20,000 people when it peaked from 1050-1200. More than 120 “mounds” were built for ceremonial purposes and to provide a prestigious spot for temples and the homes of chiefs.

Lots of interesting things have been discovered in excavations at Cahokia over the years. It even had its own Stonehenge – in fact, maybe up to five of them. Dubbed “Woodhenge,” archaeologists think the early residents of Cahokia used red cedar posts stuck in deep pits to mark days and events. One of them has been reconstructed for tourists to the Cahokia area. Other advancements found include a copper workshop and watchtowers.

A slightly more disturbing discovery was hundreds of skeletons, including a mass grave of more than 50 women who were about the same age. Another mass grave was found containing both men and women, some of whom where apparently buried alive. It’s believed that they were sacrificial victims.

All of these signs of thriving civilization have to make you wonder: what the heck happened? How does a city go from being one of the largest in the world to being practically nonexistent in less than 200 years? Well… we don’t really know. There are plenty of theories, from widespread disease to political collapse. But since the people who lived there left absolutely no written record, we have no idea what actually happened. We also don’t know who these early people were – although we know all about the French missionaries who settled in the area in 1699 and the monks who made the mounds their home in 1809, it’s still not known what Native American tribes might be descendants of those early people.

Roanoke Colony Disappearance

If you think it’s a little eerie that an entire city could slowly dwindle to nothingness like Cahokia did, consider that the Roanoke Colony of present-day North Carolina dwindled to nothingness seemingly overnight. More than 20 years before Jamestown was founded, the English Colony of Roanoke was set up with about 100 households. But the colony wasn’t thriving and leader Sir Richard Grenville shipped back to England with the promise of returning with more supplies to sustain the colony. When he came back, he discovered that the majority of the town had abandoned it, heading back to England with Sir Francis Drake when he offered to take them back with him after a brief visit.

In 1587, a second attempt was made to settle at Roanoke. Nearly 120 colonists settled in at the island and tried to establish friendly relations with the nearby tribe, but to no avail. The tribe had bad experiences with the original group of colonists and refused to meet with the new batch. After one of the settlers was killed while out hunting for crabs alone, the settlers began to fear for their lives and sent their governor back to England to ask for supplies and assistance. Due to various circumstances, Governor White didn’t make it back to Roanoke until three years later. When he finally did make it back, he discovered that the entire town was essentially gone – people, houses and all. Knowing that relations with the Native Americans in the area were pretty hostile, White told the colonists that they should leave him a sign if they had to relocate against their will or were under distress. The sign was supposed to be a Maltese cross carved on a certain tree. There was no Maltese cross on the tree, but there was something: the word “Croatoan” carved into what was left of the fort and “Cro” carved into a tree.

Governor White never found his Lost Colony, nor did any trace of them ever show up anywhere. But there’s no shortage of theories as to what may have happened to the settlers, but here are the five most popular:

  • The colonists simply left and settled elsewhere. And took all of their houses with them. And left no word on where they had moved to. And were never found by anyone ever again. Hmm.
  • Disease swept the island and killed everyone off. It also ravaged the buildings and apparently left no bodies.
  • A hurricane did away with the whole colony. The trouble with this theory is that the fence surrounding the settlement was perfectly intact even though the houses were gone, and if a hurricane was powerful enough to wipe out the whole village without a trace, it surely would have claimed the fence as well.
  • The colonists became friendly with a Native American tribe called the Croatans and moved to Croatoan Island to live with them, theorizing that they had a better chance of survival that way. Some historians think this is probable since there is some evidence of a friendly relationship between the Croatans and the colonists. It does, however, seem odd that the colonists were so cryptic with their “Croatoan” message instead of leaving a more detailed explanation.
  • Another tribe of Native Americans (not the Croatans) annihilated the entire colony to serve as a warning to others. This is a pretty strong contender in the list of plausible explanations, but this theory has its problems too. If the entire colony was being mass murdered by a vengeful group of Native Americans, why wasn’t the distress signal carved into a tree? And who would have taken the time to carve “Croatoan” into a tree during this melee?

Via: Neatorama

5 Unethical Psych Experiments

Project MK-ULTRA: The CIA’s Program of Research in Behavioral Modification

From 1953 until the early 1970’s, Project MK-ULTRA was the CIA’s code name for a mind-control research program run by the Office of Scientific Intelligence. Their purpose was to study mind-control, interrogation methods and behavior modification. In order to manipulate mental states and alter brain function, doctors administered various types of drugs such as LSD, mescaline, heroin, morphine, psilocybin, scopolamine, marijuana, alcohol, and sodium pentothal, usually without the subject’s awareness or consent.

Experiments were tested on CIA employees, military personnel, doctors, government agents, prostitutes, members of the public and mentally ill patients [source].

Research and goals for the project included:
• Substances which would enhance the ability of individuals to withstand privation, torture and coercion during interrogation and so-called “brain-washing”.
• Substances which would promote illogical thinking and impulsiveness to the point where the recipient would be discredited in public.
• Materials and physical methods which would produce amnesia for events preceding and during their use.
• Substances which would produce physical disablement such as paralysis of the legs, acute anemia, etc.
• A material which would cause mental confusion of such a type that the individual under its influence would find it difficult to maintain a fabrication under questioning.

Senate Select Committee on Intelligence and Committee on Human Resources. August 3, 1977. Retrieved on 2007-08-22. In 1964, the project was renamed MK-SEARCH. This project attempted to create a “perfect truth drug” which could then be used to interrogate suspected Soviet spies during the Cold War. In 1973, CIA Director Richard Helms ordered all MK-ULTRA files be destroyed. A full investigation of MK-ULTRA will therefore never be possible.

Project MK-ULTRA was the inspiration behind The Manchurian Candidate.

The Stanford Prison Experiment

Led by famous psychologist Philip Zimbardo, the Stanford Prison Experiment, conducted in 1971, was executed in order to show how roles define behaviour. Zimbardo tried to demonstrate that prison guards and convicts would behave in ways they thought was required. Participants were offered $15 per day and the study was to last two weeks.

Twenty-four male subjects, considered to be most mentally and emotionally stable, were chosen. Zimbardo divided the participants evenly into guards and prisoners, at random. He himself was going to take on the role of prison warden. The guards were given one rule: no physical punishment allowed, but other than that, they were able to run the prison as they see fit. The guards were outfitted in military attire and sunglasses and also provided batons. The prisoners, in contrast, were dressed in smocks and refused permission to wear underwear.

Prisoners were only to be addressed by their identity numbers and also had a small chain around one ankle. On the first day of the experiment, prisoners were instructed to stay at home and wait to be ‘called’ for the start of the experiment. Their homes were raided by the real Paolo Alto police, they were charged with armed-robbery, read their rights and had their fingerprints and mug shots taken. They were strip-searched and taken to the basement of Stanford: ‘the mock prison’.

The guards were brutal, humiliating and demoralizing to the prisoners. By the second day prisoners were already revolting, wanting to be let out. Zimbardo and his colleagues were also beginning to be affected by the experiment, trying to keep the revolting prisoner subjects in detention and siding with guards.
On the sixth day, Christina Maslach, a recent Stanford Ph.D., (also the fiancée of Zimbardo), was brought in to interview the guards and prisoners. She was stunned by what she saw and demanded that the experiment be terminated. Apparently, Maslach was the only person to even raise any concerns out of the fifty external visitors that had come to examine the experiment. Zimbardo certainly managed to prove his theory, revealing a disturbing truth about the potential for evil that lies in human nature.

Aversion Therapy

Aversion therapy is a psychiatric treatment where a patient is exposed to a stimulus while simultaneously being subjected to some form of discomfort (the therapy undergone by Stanley Kubrick’s twisted character Alex DeLarge in the 1971 classic, A Clockwork Orange). Used in order to ‘cure’ homosexuality, it was only in 2006 that aversion therapy to treat homosexuality was considered to be a violation of the codes of conduct and professional guidelines of the American Psychological Association and American Psychiatric Association.

In 1962, 29 year old Captain Billy Clegg-Hill of the Royal Tank Regiment, was arrested in a police swoop in Southampton and sentenced to six months of aversion therapy. After three days of therapy, he died. Doctors and authorities covered up his death, claiming he died of “natural causes”. But thirty four years after his death, the doctor who conducted the post-mortem confirmed that he had actually died from a coma and convulsions resulting from injections of apomorphine, a potent vomit-inducing drug. Doctor’s would show Clegg-Hill pin-up pictures of men, then inject him with apomorphine, causing him to become violently ill. The doctor’s believed that he would eventually associate men with nausea and vomiting. The idea of homosexuality would be so repugnant that he would subsequently become straight.

In 1965, 19 year old Peter Price was sent to a psychiatric hospital to treat his homosexuality. Doctors forced him to lie in a bed filled with his own vomit, urine and feces for three days while they would show him images of half-naked men, inject him with drugs and play tapes telling him he was a ‘dirty queer’. He was also administered electric shocks, while being shown erotic pictures of attractive men.

The Monster Study

Dubbed the ‘monster study’, the experiment was conducted by speech expert Wendell Johnson, led in part by graduate student Mary Tudor Jacobs in 1939. Johnson believed that stuttering was a learned behavior, attributed to outside factors such as constant criticism from a parent to its child for even the slightest speech imperfections. 22 orphan children with no prior speech impediment were chosen for the experiment. Wendell’s goal was to induce the disorder in orphans.

One group of orphans received praise for positive speech therapy whereas the other group was belittled, badgered and told they were stutterers. By the end of the study, none of the test subjects in the negative therapy group became stutterers, but the experience caused them low self-esteem and irreparable damage.

Little Albert

In order to determine whether fear was innate or a conditioned response, father of behaviorism, John Watson, used a nine month old orphan he nicknamed Little Albert to test his theory. Watson began the experiment by placing Little Albert in the middle of a room. A white laboratory rat was placed near Albert, who was allowed to play with it. Albert was not scared.

For two months he was exposed to various things without any sort of conditioning; a white rabbit, a monkey, masks etc… Watson placed Albert in a room again with the rat, however this time, when Albert would touch the rat, Watson would make loud sounds behind him, such as the striking of a steel bar with a hammer. When this occurred, Albert would get frightened and begin to cry. Watson continued to do this until eventually, Albert became very distressed whenever exposed to the rat. Eventually, Albert associated anything fluffy or white with the loud noise. Little Albert was never desensitized to his fear and was released from the hospital before Watson was able to do so.

McNabb a Redskin

Donovan McNabb Washington Redskins Jersey

Hey Philly fans now you can boo Donovan McNabb all you want, presumably while he’s woopin ass on the gridiron in the nations capitol. Mr. Chunky Soup has the 3rd-highest winning percentage among active quarterbacks (behind Manning and Brady). At 34 years old McNabb is the same age as QB John Elway when he and Shanahan won two titles. It’s exciting to be a Redskins fan in the off-season and through free agency. Let’s hope that new additions Larry Johnson, “Fast” Willie Parker and Donovan McNabb can join forces with new coach Mike Shanahan to bring the glory back to the burgandy and gold.

I’m very surprised with The Eagles decision to part ways with McNabb especially within the NFC East. It could be a decision that turns around to bite them on the tail-feathers. Best of luck to previous Redskins QB, Jason Campbell, who is definitely a class act. Hopefully Campbell lands somewhere that will allow him to compete for the starters positions and maybe he can find some success from a change of location.

The Boombox

Boomboxes were introduced commercially by various companies in the late 1970s, when stereo capabilities were added to the designs of existing radio-cassette recorders, that had appeared earlier in the decade and were capable of receiving radio stations and playing recorded music at high volumes. These high-tech electronic devices often supported many types of audio media from cassettes and CDs to records and even an occasional model with an eight-track tape option. Many models were also capable of recording from the radio and other sources. Designed for portability, most boomboxes can be powered by batteries, as well as a standard household outlet. As consumers began embracing the boombox as an indispensable form of portable entertainment, it became an icon of popular culture, that we’ve yet to let go of.

Later more powerful and sophisticated models were introduced that boasted such features as two or more loudspeakers, shortwave bands, amplifiers, graphic equalizers, Dobly Noise Reduction, dual cassette tapes and high speed dubbing features. These extravagant models were often associated with the 1980s phenomena of hip hop culture and breakdancing, and were introduced into the mainstream consciousness through music videos, movies, television and documentaries often referring to the boomboxes as ghetto blasters or jam boxes. During this time competing manufacturers scrambled to produce the biggest, loudest, clearest-sounding, bassiest, flashiest and/or most novel boomboxes. As the decade progressed, manufacturers tended to compete more on price, at the expense of quality and smaller designs became more popular.

Check out some of the awesome examples of these technological dinosaurs over at Pocket Calculator’s Boombox Museum

Dayton: Average + Awesome

It seems like every city in America wants Google Fiber.  And who can  blame them?  Ever since Google announced its plan last month to bring ultra-high speed  Internet connections (as in, up to 100x faster than what most of the  country has today) to between 50,000 and 500,000 people, cities across  the U.S. have been clamoring to curry the favor of the search giant. Well Dayton, here is your chance to get involved an opportunity to make a difference.
Check out the new site Dayton: Average + Awesome. Enter your address and ZIP code to show Google what our local support for their program might look  like. By working together and acting with local partners committed to this initiative maybe we can bring Google’s Fiber Network to the Dayton Region.
We’ve made a video to share our interest about some of the great things Dayton has to offer. Now you can create and add your own videos to the site as well, or you can watch movies that others have posted.

You might also like to learn more about exactly what Google is planning to test and what it might mean to our region. If so please visit: http://www.google.com/appserve/fiberrfi and check out their video.

You might also like to learn more about exactly what Google is planning to test and what it might mean to our region. If so please visit: http://www.google.com/appserve/fiberrfi and check out their video.

DCS Presents: Jeff Hamada of booooooom.com

Written by Brian Ward

jeffLeaf

Vancouver’s Jeff Hamada will join DCS and friends on Tuesday, March 16. He’ll elaborate on his work and how “tangents” helped him create the highest-traffic art blog on the internet, booooooom.com, which gets 2.5 million pageviews each month.

About Jeff Hamada
Jeff Hamada is a Japanese Canadian artist living and working in Vancouver, BC. He was one of 100 artists selected by Converse and Product(RED) to create a shoe in celebration of their 100th year anniversary and has also designed for the likes of Oakley, Electronic Arts, and Endeavor Snowboards. In 2008 Hamada created an art blog called Booooooom, and it has since become his full-time job.

Details

To register, you will be taken to a registration page on GDAA’s website. You may register at the event, but registering online will ensure your seat. Register online for this event