NCR announced today (6/02/09) that the company will move its corporate headquarters from Dayton, Oh., to Duluth, Ga., taking with it more than one thousand jobs. But it’s not just the jobs it’s the sense of betrayal. NCR (National Cash Register) is a homegrown success story.
One of the area’s leading figures, John Henry Patterson, founded the company in 1884. NCR helped make Dayton a hotbed for invention and innovation. Almost every big name in Dayton’s past helped contribute to NCR’s success. Charles F. Kettering, Thomas J. Watson, Sr. and Edward A. Deeds all played their part. Deeds and Kettering went on to found Delco Electronics which became a division of General Motors. Edward Deeds and Charles Kettering teamed up to power the cash register with an electric motor.
NCR is one of the companies that fueled Dayton’s grown in the first 50 years of the 20th century. The company served consumers and the U.S. government, introducing the first automated credit systems around World War I and during World War II provided the brainpower to break the German’s Enigma coding system and save thousands of lives. Moving forward, the company created transistorized computers, liquid crystal displays, bar code scanners and ATMs.
The move means the loss of Dayton’s sole Fortune 500 corporate headquarters.